The dynamic host configuration protocol (DHCP) is an addressing protocol for TCP/IP networks.
IP addresses are leased to individual computers on the network from a DHCP server. DHCP allows users to move to different locations on a network without having to bother a network administrator (and they hate being bothered) to manually assign a new IP address. DHCP is useful in homes with several computers sharing a single high-speed internet connection.
A digital subscriber line, or DSL, is a communications technology that allows data to travel at very high speeds over standard telephone wire without interrupting normal telephone service.
The primary market for DSL is the home office since the technology makes it easy for residential homes to receive high-speed internet access at a reasonable price. DSL speeds, on the average, run at about 600kbps for downstream and 128kbps for upstream.
The conversation between browsers and servers takes place according to the hypertext transfer protocol, or HTTP.
Written by Tim Berners-Lee, it was first implemented on the web in 1991 as HTTP 0.9. Currently, web browsers and servers support version 1.1 of HTTP. It supports persistent connections, meaning that once a browser connects to a web server, it can receive multiple files through the same connection.
Microsoft’s internet information server, or IIS, is one of the most widely used commercial web server applications on the market. It runs on the Windows operating system and it incorporates all of the tools required by high-traffic commercial websites, such as security, extensions, logging, database interfaces and all of the necessary protocols.
In computer science, architecture means the conceptual arrangement of a system’s components.
Taking the analogy of a physical building, if a website’s individual pages are rooms, its architecture is the hypertextual relationship between the rooms within the structure.