Practical extraction and reporting language, or Perl, is a scripting language first created by Larry Wall to be used as duct tape for programming with the Unix operating system. Due to its immense power for handling piles of text and, consequently, as a common gateway interface (CGI) scripting language, Perl became very popular among server-side scripters. Perl has a large community of contributing programmers and, what’s more, costs nothing and is free to redistribute. These circumstances have helped Perl evolve from a scripting language used to generate server stats into a language many use for database administration. All along Perl has maintained its zaniness. Most Perl documentation reads as though written by early vaudeville comedians.
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x + 10and
x < 10are expressions since they can be evaluated, while
x = 10is simply a statement.
PHP is an open-source scripting language that is embedded alongside HTML to perform interactive functions, such as accessing database information. PHP is similar to Microsoft’s active server page technology, but is used primarily on Linux web servers (or Windows servers with add-on software). An HTML page that has PHP script usually has a “.php” extension. Visit Webmonkey’s Tutorial:PHP Tutorial for Beginners to learn how it works.
A function is a named group of statements in a program that performs a task when it is invoked.
Software developers need to know which platform their software will be running on. A platform can be an Intel processor running Windows, a Macintosh running System 8, or any combination of hardware and software that works together. Platforms are important for web designers to understand, because they need to make sure their pages will work on more than one platform. Different browsers display web pages differently on various platforms. Since the internet itself is a cross-platform system, designers need to test web pages on different combinations of machines and browsers to ensure the widest possible audience will be able to view their sites.